Low Carbohydrate Diet

As the name suggests, a low-carbohydrate diet is characterized by a decrease in the intake of adequate carbohydrates, which leads to weight loss. There are many examples of such diets: the popular low-carbohydrate Kremlin diet, the Protasov diet, the protein diet, the high-fat Atkins diet — all based on low carbohydrate intake, which reduces the release of insulin into the bloodstream. and thus promotes active breakdown of fats. Needless to say, giving up sweets, starches, various fruits, sweets and chocolate will help you lose weight and get rid of extra pounds effectively. That is, simple or otherwise fast carbohydrates. It is the diet that will be discussed later in order to reduce their consumption.

low-carbohydrate foods to lose weight

The essence and benefits of a low-carbohydrate diet

To understand the essence of the diet, it is important to distinguish how simple carbohydrates differ from complex ones. The fact is that the "simple" or "fast" carbohydrates are absorbed very quickly and are converted into body fat. As they are also called "slow" carbohydrates or "complex" carbohydrates, they are slowly absorbed, filling the body with strength and energy, so a person does not feel hungry for a long time and loses more calories than he gained with a portion of food.

Simple carbohydrates include: a variety of pastries, sweets, smoked flavors, fatty and floury foods. The use of these products is strictly prohibited. Complex carbohydrates include a variety of grains and whole vegetables. However, a low-carbohydrate diet allows vegetables and only small amounts of grains and some fruits.

Low carb diets can be of two types: slow and hard. The first is designed to lose weight gradually. At the same time, it is quite possible to prevent the re-accumulation of unnecessary kilograms, if you follow certain norms in the diet later. Strict diets are mainly intended for athletes. Bodybuilders often use it for dehydration, so use by an ordinary person can lead to rapid uncontrolled weight gain.

The main advantage of a low-carbohydrate diet is that with its help you can lose a decent kilogram irreversibly without suffering from constant hunger. But at the same time, you should not expect fast results. It is a long-term, managed process that will help protect the body from unnecessary damage. Even if it is usually accompanied by various "hungry" diets. In any case, such a diet can later become the basis of daily nutrition.

The benefits of a low carb diet are:

  • does not require incredible costs, because it uses extremely useful and affordable food;
  • In diabetes mellitus, such a diet helps to restore the lipid spectrum, normalizes blood glucose levels, but such a diet can be used only under the supervision of a specialist;
  • the diet is unbalanced, but you can safely stick to it for a long time, or you can turn it into a lifestyle by placing it as a special nutrition system;
  • It is in great demand among athletes because it helps burn fat without affecting muscle mass and at the same time provides energy for a long time.
low-carbohydrate diet for diabetes

Contraindications and disadvantages of a low-carbohydrate diet

No matter how big the system is, it has both advantages and disadvantages. In addition, a low-carbohydrate diet has a number of contraindications:

  • It is not recommended to use this diet during childhood and adolescence, because the lack of carbohydrates in the developing body is fraught with adverse health consequences;
  • you should not resort to such a weight loss system during pregnancy and lactation, because the state of health of the fetus is very important for pregnant women, so in principle they should not diet;
  • If you have health problems, you should consult a specialist before a diet.

If you follow the principles of a low-carbohydrate diet, you should remember that eating protein foods every day can lead to undesirable consequences for the work of the heart and blood vessels, and a great burden on the kidneys. This is usually due to a lack of potassium in the body with such a diet in small amounts.

Glucose deficiency is undoubtedly one of the disadvantages of a low-carbohydrate diet. This primarily affects mental activity, memory impairment and slowing of the reaction rate. It is especially difficult for sweets lovers to reconcile with such a diet. A large percentage of those who abandon the diet are among such people.

In addition, protein foods are rich in cholesterol that can accumulate in the body, and the lack of healthy fiber in the menu can cause problems in the intestines. With a high amount of protein in the diet, the body begins to produce ketone bodies. They, in turn, can remove fat from the body, but also bind the nutrients necessary for the normal and well-coordinated functioning of vital organs and systems. This can often lead to weakness, dizziness and insomnia. In this case, you need to see a doctor, most likely this method of weight loss is not for you.

Vitamins for a low-carbohydrate diet

Because the intake of some healthy vegetables is limited to a low-carbohydrate diet, the body may be deficient in the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals, so the use of additional vitamin complexes is encouraged.

Allowed products

The basis of a low-carbohydrate diet menu should be protein foods that add a small amount of fat and carbohydrates. The following products are allowed:

  • lean meat and lean fish;
  • eggs;
  • low-fat fermented milk and dairy products;
  • mushrooms;
  • sea products;
  • if possible, various vegetables except potatoes, legumes, olives and olives;
  • fruits in limited quantities, except grapes and bananas, because they have a fairly high calorie content;
  • sakatat;
  • dried fruits and nuts;
  • limited quantities of buckwheat, oat bran or brown rice;
  • various herbs.

Prohibited foods

Prohibited foods in a low-carbohydrate diet

Prohibited foods in a low-carb diet are:

  • starch-rich vegetables and cereals: potatoes, white rice, pasta of any kind;
  • bread and various products made from it;
  • sweet confectionery;
  • smoked sausages and other flavors;
  • mayonnaise, ketchup and other fatty sauces;
  • sugar in any form;
  • grapes and bananas rich in fructose;
  • fruit juices and compotes;
  • alcoholic beverages.

Dietitians insist on banning fatty foods and replacing them with low-fat counterparts, but the opinions of many proponents and supporters of this method to lose weight show the opposite. They quietly followed this diet and lost weight by eating some fatty sausages and meat. They should be eaten in moderation, without overeating.

Low Carbohydrate Diet Instructions

In order for such a diet to continue as expected and not to harm the body, certain rules must be followed:

  • with such a diet it is necessary to consume as much fluid as possible - more than one and a half liters per day;
  • it is recommended to cook, steam or cook vegetables;
  • such a system is desirable to walk at least twenty minutes a day or additional physical activity;
  • To properly compile a daily diet, you should use a table that looks at the carbohydrate component of various products.

Table of carbohydrate content in various products per 100 g

Products Points
Alcoholic beverages
High alcoholic beverages (rum, whiskey, tequila, vodka, etc. ) -
Dry wine $ 1
Beer (about 250 grams) $ 12
Drink (about 60 grams) $ 18
Fresh mushrooms 0. 1 c. u.
Fresh stories 0. 2 c. u.
Butterlets, honey mushrooms and raw mushrooms 0, 5 cu
Fresh milk mushrooms, boletus and porcini mushrooms $ 1
Raw chanterelles, boletus and russula 1. 5 USD
Dried porcini mushrooms $ 7, 5
Dried boletus $ 13
Dried boletus $ 14
Canned food
Any fish -
Beet caviar $ 2
Canned beans 2. $ 5
Cucumber pickles $ 3
Tomatoes and seaweed $ 4
Olives, eggplant caviar $ 5
Canned green peas 6, 5 cubes
Pumpkin caviar $ 8, $ 5
Pepper with vegetables $ 11
Sweet Canned Corn $ 14. 5
Tomato paste $ 19
Beans and other legumes $ 46
Oatmeal $ 49
Hercules, chopped peas $ 50
Buckwheat $ 62
Pearl barley and millet $ 66
Barley $ 67
white rice $ 71
Dairy products
Vegetable oil -
Low-fat cottage cheese, margarine and various cheeses $ 1
Butter 1. $ 3
Low-fat cottage cheese types $ 1. 8
Mayonnaise with any fat 2. $ 6
High-fat cottage cheese 2. $ 8
Sour cream with any fat content $ 3
Sour milk or kefir 3. $ 2
Sugar-Free Yogurt 3. 5 USD
Cream with any fat content $ 4
Pasteurized and boiled milk $ 4. 7
Yogurt with sugar $ 8, $ 5
Sweet curd mass $ 15
Mysterious sweet curds $ 32
Meat products, poultry
Different types of meat (lamb, beef, pork, veal), poultry, rabbit, heart and beef liver, pork, loin and tongue, steak and various sausages, pork legs -
Chicken eggs 0, 5 cu
Chicken liver 1. 5 USD
Beef sausage, boiled sausage and milk sausage 1. 5 USD
Pork sausage $ 2
Breaded meat $ 5
Meat in the dough 6 US dollars
Coffee, tea without sugar, mineral water -
Tomato juice 3. 5 USD
Carrot juice, xylitol compote 6 US dollars
apple juice $ 7, 5
Grapefruit juice $ 8
Mandarin juice $ 9
Plum juice with pulp $ 11
Cherry juice $ 11. 5
Orange juice $ 12
Grape, pomegranate and apricot juice $ 14
Plum juice without pulp $ 16
Pear compote $ 18
Grape and apple compote $ 19
Apricot compote $ 21
Cherry compote $ 24
Vegetables, herbs
Daikon $ 1
Celery, lettuce, spinach $ 2
Green beans, fresh cucumbers, asparagus, sorrel $ 3
Green onions 3. 5 USD
Pumpkin, squash, tomatoes, radishes $ 4
Eggplant, red cabbage, white and cauliflower, bell peppers, turnips, garlic $ 5
Bulgarian pepper green and red $ 5
Celery root, wild garlic 6 US dollars
Leek, radish 6, 5 cubes
Rutabaga, carrots $ 7
Horseradish fresh $ 7, 5
Beans, kohlrabi, parsley $ 8
Watermelon, melon, onion, beet $ 9
Parsley root $ 10, 5
Fresh green peas $ 12
Raw potatoes $ 16
Pine nuts $ 10
Almond nuts $ 11
Walnut and pumpkin seeds $ 12
Peanuts, hazelnuts, peanuts $ 15
sunflower seeds $ 18
Coconut and sesame seeds $ 20
Cashews $ 25
Spices and seasonings
Red wine vinegar (one tablespoon) -
Spicy herbs (one tablespoon) 0. 1 c. u.
Chamomile and horseradish (a tablespoon) $ 0. 4
Cinnamon and ground pepper (teaspoon) 0, 5 cu
Mustard, tartar (tablespoon) 0, 5 cu
Ginger (a tablespoon) 0. 8 c. u.
Apple cider vinegar and soy sauce (tablespoon) $ 1
Wine white vinegar (tablespoon) 1. 5 USD
Barbecue sauce (tablespoon) $ 1. 8
Vinegar (tablespoon) 2. $ 3
Tomato sauce (50 grams) 3. 5 USD
Ketchup (tablespoon) $ 4
Cranberry sauce (tablespoon) 6, 5 cubes
Seafood, fish
Frozen, fresh, boiled and smoked fish, shrimp, red and black caviar -
Fresh crab and seaweed $ 1
Fresh crabs $ 2
Fresh squid $ 4
Fresh mussels $ 5
Fish in tomato sauce 6 US dollars
Fresh oysters $ 7
Breadfish $ 12
Jam for diabetics $ 3
Jam for diabetics $ 9
Chocolate ice cream $ 20
Don't freeze $ 22
Frozen ice $ 25
Almond cake $ 45
Chocolate with hazelnuts $ 48
Sponge cake and dark chocolate $ 50
Chocolate candies $ 51
Milk and white chocolate $ 54
Halva $ 55
Condensed milk $ 56
Creamy cake $ 62
Simple waffles and apple jam $ 65
Apple jam $ 66
Cem, cem $ 68
Lollipop $ 70
Strawberry and raspberry jam $ 71
Honey and greasy cookies $ 75
Marmalade $ 76
Ginger bread $ 77
Pastilla and fruit waffles $ 80
Fondan (candy) $ 83
Caramel stuffing $ 92
Different types of sugar $ 99
Chicken or meat broth -
Wrestling soup and green cabbage soup $ 12
Mushroom soup $ 15
Vegetable soup $ 16
Tomato soup $ 17
Pea soup $ 20
Lemons $ 3
Cherry plum and grapefruit 6, 5 cubes
Quince, orange and tangerine $ 8
Rowan $ 8, $ 5
Dogwood and apricot $ 9
Pears, peaches, plums and apples $ 9, 5
Kiwi and cherries $ 10
Cherry $ 10, 5
Pomegranate, currant, fig $ 11
Pineapple $ 11. 5
Persimmons and nectarines $ 13
Banana $ 21
Dried apples $ 45
Dried pears $ 49
Dried apricots $ 53
Dried apricots $ 55
Plum $ 58
Raisins $ 66
Fruit dates $ 68
Soy flour $ 16
Rye $ 34
Diabetic $ 38
Borodinski $ 40
Cereal bread and rye tortilla $ 43
Wheat $ 50
Riga and bread $ 51
Armenian lavash $ 56
Simit $ 58
Seed rye flour $ 64
Creamy dwarfs $ 66
First grade wheat flour $ 67
Sushi, egg noodles and premium wheat flour $ 68
Sweet straw and pasta $ 69
Corn flour $ 70
Potato starch $ 79
Corn starch $ 80
Cloudberry 6 US dollars
Strawberry 6, 5 cubes
Blueberries $ 7
Black and red currants $ 7, 5
Lingonberry, raspberry, blueberry and white currant $ 8
Blueberries $ 9
Fresh rose hips $ 10
Grapes $ 15
Dried roses $ 21. 5

According to the schedule, you can create a personal menu where you can lose up to 9 kilograms in a week.

The principle of construction is based on limiting the consumption of foods high in carbohydrates:

  • to lose weight - you need to gain up to 40 conventional units per day;
  • for weight stabilization - more than 60 conventional units;
  • to increase the weight - 60 conventional units and more.

Different types of menus during the week with a low carb diet

A sample menu for a week can be presented as follows:

  • breakfast - steamed omelet, green or herbal tea;
  • second breakfast - low-fat cottage cheese;
  • dinner - mushroom soup, boiled chicken;
  • dinner - cooked fish.

Weight loss menu for the week

You can try this version of the weekly menu to lose about 10 extra pounds a week:

  • breakfast - cottage cheese with dried fruit;
  • dinner - cabbage soup;
  • dinner - boiled veal.

Weekly menu of diabetes mellitus

A separate medical menu can be used for diabetes:

  • breakfast - low-fat cottage cheese, tea and 2 boiled eggs;
  • second breakfast - 250 grams of yogurt;
  • dinner - bean soup;
  • afternoon tea - orange;
  • dinner - baked fish with vegetables.

A high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet

This diet was invented by Dr. Atkins. It lasts in four stages:

  • first stage - duration 2 weeks, restriction on carbohydrates is about 20 grams, any amount of protein is allowed;
  • second stage - lasts several months, during which time it is necessary to gradually increase the amount of carbohydrates consumed in the diet;
  • third stage - to maintain the current weight, it is recommended to increase the ratio of available carbohydrates to 10 grams per day;
  • fourth stage - you need to consume the same amount of carbohydrates as in the third phase to strengthen the result.

Sample menu for athletes

low-carbohydrate diet for athletes

To burn fat effectively without losing muscle mass, it is recommended to use the following menu for about a week:

  • breakfast - tea, oatmeal in milk;
  • second breakfast - 200 grams of low-fat cottage cheese;
  • dinner - vegetable soup, seafood salad, baked vegetables;
  • afternoon tea - cottage cheese pudding;
  • dinner - meat cooked in the oven, steamed vegetables, kefir.

Low carb diet for vegetarians

There is a separate diet for people who do not use meat in their diet. Here are some rules for them:

  • The calculation of carbohydrates consumed should be as follows: 5 grams of carbohydrates per 10 kilograms;
  • meat and fish products should be replaced by soy counterparts, beans and cereals.

Protein diet

Such a menu in their diet can be used by both athletes and ordinary people who prefer protein foods during the drying period:

  • breakfast - tea and 100 grams of nonfat cottage cheese;
  • second breakfast - zhmenya nuts;
  • dinner - boiled chicken with baked vegetables;
  • afternoon tea - kefir or yogurt;
  • dinner - fish cooked in a double pot.

Low Carbohydrate Diet Recipes

Shrimp soup

shrimp soup on a low carb diet

To prepare the soup you will need:

  • shrimp - 1 kg;
  • celery;
  • tomatoes - 1 piece;
  • onion - 1 piece;
  • blind;
  • lemon juice.

Peel a squash, grate it and chop finely. Pour water over the ingredients, add a little curry, sprinkle with lemon juice and place in the oven.

Beef with spinach

You can use the following recipe to prepare such a dish.

  • beef - 1 kg;
  • spinach - 400 grams;
  • onion - 1 piece;
  • celery root - 200 grams;
  • garlic - 1 clove;
  • tomatoes - 2 pieces;
  • olive oil;
  • cumin;
  • ginger powder;
  • beef broth - 250 grams.

Fry all the spices in oil, gradually add the chopped onion and tomato. Fry a little, add beef broth and remaining ingredients. It is better to cut the beef into strips so that it takes less time to cook. Cover and simmer for forty minutes.


Opinions about a low-carb diet are mixed, with many supporters and many competitors. However, they note that this is both effective. Such a diet is very suitable for those who do not like tiring fasting, because it allows you to eat a lot. Among its advantages is the successful use of diabetes. As a remedy, it has proven itself very well. In addition, it is affordable and will not seriously affect the family budget. In short, if you use such a system specifically for weight loss, it will undoubtedly lead to incredible results. However, it is important to remember that such a diet, although not a mono-diet, is unbalanced, so it is important to consult a specialist before starting such a fast, especially if you have chronic diseases. in history.